What are the types of lithium battery recycling?

Release time:

2021-07-21 13:25

Lithium battery recyclingwhat are the types?

Lithium battery recycling protects our environment from heavy metals from waste batteries, saves resources and wastes, and reasonable recycling is the development direction that should be respected in today's society. But not much is known about the various batteries. The following describes the total category of batteries and applications, as well as the matters we need to pay attention.

Lithium battery recyclingwhat are the types?

Batteries are first divided into rechargeable secondary batteries and non-rechargeable disposable batteries, and then chemically divided into lithium-ion batteries, nickel batteries, lead-acid batteries and disposable batteries. The following specific distinction between batteries is distinguished from the perspective of chemical substances.

First, lithium batteries are divided into lithium cobalt oxide materials, ternary materials, lithium manganese materials, lithium iron phosphate materials, etc. Nickel batteries are divided into nickel-hydrogen batteries, nickel-cadmium batteries, nickel-zinc batteries, etc. Lead-acid batteries are not distinguished in materials, and disposable batteries are divided into alkaline batteries and carbon batteries. Various functional mobile phone batteries, laptop batteries, flashlight batteries, digital product batteries, electric vehicle power batteries, mobile power supplies, etc., nickel batteries are divided into digital product batteries from use, and lead-acid batteries are mainly used for automobiles, motorcycles, tractors, diesel engines, etc. Start and lighting.

Fixed battery: mainly used to protect communications, power stations, computer systems, automatic control backup power supply. Traction type battery: mainly used for all kinds of battery car, forklift, forklift and other power supply. Railway batteries: mainly used for railway diesel locomotives, electric locomotives, bus start, lighting power.

Storage battery: mainly used for wind energy, solar energy and other power generation power storage. Disposable batteries in use can be used for flashlights, toys, stone

Previously, the publicLithium battery recyclingand treatment of great interest, but mercury, a toxic heavy metal, could not be avoided in almost all discussions at the time. Because, according to the production process at the time, whether it is to delay the corrosion of zinc in the battery, extend the battery life, or prevent the electrolyte carrier from deteriorating, a certain amount of mercury needs to be added to the battery during production, and the recycled waste battery needs to be returned.

Since 2006, the domestic ban on the sale of mercury content is greater than 0.0001 percent of the battery weight of alkaline zinc-manganese batteries, the basic realization of battery production and sales of "anhydrous mercury". The life of the battery is generally only 1 to 2 years, so it is now sold and mobile on the market, and the batteries produced by formal enterprises are basically "zero mercury batteries". According to the current regulations of relevant departments, the battery has been "mercury", and the harm of toxic heavy metals in the battery has been removed from the perspective of environmental science, and it can be landfilled with other domestic waste without further treatment.

In order to make better use of waste batteries, the relevant departments of the state are urged to change the current way of battery mixing in domestic waste treatment and establish a complete waste battery recycling management mechanism. The distribution of waste batteries is decentralized. If you want to concentrate the waste batteries in the hands of users In the production base, it is necessary to establish a complete battery recycling management mechanism. To guide consumers to send the battery to the designated place, rather than throw away the battery, and ensure thatLithium battery recycling.

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